Students at the Dhow Countries Music Academy, dedicated to preserving the music known as "taarab," play on a balcony overlooking Zanzibar's port. Amy Yee for NPR hide caption.
Not so long ago, Christopher John's days were spent herding his family's goats and cows in a rural part of Zanzibar, the tropical island off the coast of Tanzania.
Issa Matona Mke Kumpa Talaka Download Mp3
But he always loved music and used to make whistles out of papaya leaves to play while he tended to his herds. I have to learn it," he recalls of the dreams he had when he was 12 or 13, even though his education had stopped after he completed eight years of school. John no longer tends to livestock full-time.
At 20, he plays flute in weekly concerts at the Dhow Countries Music Academy, where he began studying in Beautiful sound of Oud by Mohammed and flute by Christopher outside dhow countries music academy Zanzibar taarab africa travel.
He's part of a revival of taaraba traditional form of music that dates to the s. At the time, the island was governed by the sultan of Oman, who brought a taarab ensemble from the Middle East to play in his palace in Zanzibar. Eventually, the music took on African and Indian influences as well, reflecting the island's history as a crossroads of trade.
The different musical sounds came in on the dhows, traditional wooden boats, that carried ivory, spices and slaves across the Indian Ocean. Taarab ensembles often feature accordion, violin or the qanuna type of zither, giving the lively music a Middle Eastern sound. They also include tablah drums and can feature double bass and cello and other instruments.
The music took on a Zanzibari flavor when lyrics from Swahili poetry were eventually added. In the s, Siti binti Saada renowned Zanzibari taarab singer and daughter of slaves, became the first East African woman to record the music when she sang taarab songs for Columbia Records in Mumbai, India.
But the music was fading by the s. Young people gravitated toward pop and "bongo flava," a kind of African hip-hop. It was founded in to revive, preserve and teach taarab. Its founder was legendary taraab musician Mohammed Haji, who is commonly known as Matona, along with German musician and educator Hilda Kiel; Emerson Skeens, a Zanzibar hotelier and culture advocate, and others. More than 1, students have studied at the academy, with nearly 70 percent of them focusing on taarab.
The school has revived the art in Zanzibar. In addition to weekly concerts at the academy, students and graduates along with teachers and old-timers play the music at hotels, restaurants and cultural festivals on the island and beyond. DCMA was the first school to teach taarab — and was set up at a time when there was no music education in public schools on the island. Students can enroll in full-time certificate or diploma programs for free and learn to play on instruments that are otherwise too expensive for the average person in Zanzibar.
Classes also include history of music and ethnomusicology. Non-diploma and non-certificate students of all ages can study a variety of instruments from guitar to piano. Anyone can take these lessons after auditions to assess skill level.
DCMA also teaches music to children with disabilities and to people in Zanzibar's rural areas. Most of the teachers and staff are from Zanzibar, though there are guest teachers who have hailed from Norway, Poland, Spain, the Middle East and other parts of the world.
There is nothing like it on the Tanzanian mainland or the Kenyan coast," says Andrew J. For example, some of the faculty members are musicians from prominent Zanzibari musical lineages who admit that they would not have chosen to become professional musicians had the school not existed. John, the onetime shepherd, had heard about DCMA on local radio. When he enrolled, he thought, "'I don't know if I have talent. He was afraid to enter the stately music academy in Stone Town, the historic part of Zanzibar city, because he spent most of his time "in the bush" tending livestock.Post a Comment.
The Hot New Musical Trend In Zanzibar Is From The '80s — The 1880s
History will be in the making from 28th April to 3rd May as the Taarab-Kidumbak Ensemble from the Dhow Countries Music Academy travels to Harare to perform for Zimbabwean and international audiences. While taarab music has been successfully performed in India already from with recording performances by the famous singer Siti Bint Saad, numerous performances in Europe by Bi Kidude and instrumentalist Mohamed Issa Matona and other performers, this will be the first time taarab will make its way into the interior of Africa as far south-west as Zimbabwe.
Intra-African streams of music influence have had significant influence on the spreading of music traditions within Africa.
Examples of this are the spread of musical bow traditions that traveled with the Ngoni migration over one hundred years ago bringing these traditions from the South African coast to northern Malawi and southern Tanzania; yodel-singing traditions of the short-statured people of the Congo spreading southward through sections of Central Africa all the way to the Cape; and even within Tanzania with Massai song traditions greatly influencing Wagogo vocal music.
While these north-south musical migrations took place many years ago, there have been little similar east-west musical migrations. This is why the historical concert tour by the Taarab-Kidumbaki Ensemble of the Dhow Countries Music Academy of Zanzibar, taking place from the 28th of April to the 3rd of May is so significant. Exceptions to this are the music traditions of the Comoro Islands in the southern Indian Ocean that has been greatly influenced by Zanzibar taarab and other Zanzibar music traditions.
Alexander MacKaymissionary living many years in Uganda, in suggested that the drums and bugles he saw and heard in Buganda came from Zanzibar and other locations along the coast to the land of the Buganda.
Wachsmann also said that the Buganda Chief Muteesa chief from to".
To the best of our knowledge, this will be the first time the taarab and the kidumbak traditions of Zanzibar are performed this far west of the East African coastline.
The 10 musicians from the Dhow Countries Music Academy will make this historic safari and will offer 4 performances in Harare, i. This historic tour will be well documented and it is the wish of the Dhow Countries Music Academy that this tour will enable more people from Zimbabwe and elsewhere to learn more about the music-making, music training at the Dhow Countries Music Academy and the greatness of the taarab-kidumbak traditions of Zanzibar.
Post a Comment mkrflatmkrdezign. Subscribe to: Post Comments Atom.Traditional and nostalgic sounds from North to East Africa come together for an extraordinary double bill. The sounds and rhythms of traditional Sufi chanting and contemporary Arabian jazz fuse in a unique harmony of Arabic sounds.
The instrumental colors of Indian Ocean culture blend with the African-Arab synthesis of Taarab music. The Dhow Countries Music Academy is the only music school in Zanzibar dedicated to the preservation and promotion of the music heritage of the Dhow Region with emphasis on teaching the traditional music styles of taarab, kidumbak and ngoma. Watch the trailer. Fathy Salama and Sheikh Mahmoud Tohamy. Dhow Countries Music Academy. He is an Egyptian composer, arranger and musician, well known for his hits in Cairo during the s.
Salama, the former creator of al jeel music, is involved in the revival of the Egyptian traditional music. Sheikh Mahmoud Tohamy is a Sufi chanter hailing from Egypt. Tohamy holds a great legacy, having received his musical training under his father and Sheikh Al-Arif Billah. He regularly performs both in Egypt and internationally.
The Dhow Countries Music Academy took its name from the traditional sailing vessels invented by Arabs and used in the Indian Ocean region. The Arabian Peninsula has a rich maritime history of trade and cultural exchange with the East African coast, including Zanzibar. Dhows have been used in the region for centuries and were key in the development of trade routes, as well as for cultural exchange.
The DCMA is a center for the teaching and performance of the music traditions that travelled with these boats from Middle East to Africa. The DCMA is one of the most prominent ambassadors of taarab music in the world, with more than students over the years, and has gained an ever-increasing international reputation for teaching traditional music. As well as traditional music, the Academy teaches more global genres and contemporary styles like afro-fusion and jazz and, additionally, hosts special workshops, seminars, concerts, exchange visits and networking activities throughout the year.
Saturday, Apr 18 8pm. Earth seed Day. Wednesday, Apr 22 8pm. A mesmerizing theatrical work of rare power and beauty that reveals deep insights on gender, race and the future of human civilization. Sheikh Mahmoud Tohamy. Share this. Watch the trailer Listen to the music. This is a past event. No booking required.A master of taarab music, Matona is also the co-founder of Zanzibar's Dhow Countries Music Academya school dedicated to preserving the island's traditional music styles.
Taarab derives its name from Arabic and means "to be moved by music," and draws on a range of influences from Africa, the Arab world, India, Indonesia and Western music. These musical influences blend with "classical traditions of Swahili poetry, local rhythm and melody" according to the academy's website, with taarab orchestras closely resembling "classical Egyptian orchestras, with full violin section, cello and bass, but also accordion, oud, qanun, rhythm section, keyboards and ney flute.
To know yourself, where you are coming from, which way you need to behave. For us music is not only for the joy, it is for education, social matters and politics," Matona said.
Taarab's precise origin is often debated but whether it be in Egypt or East Africa, Matona says the island's version is distinct. This taarab is from Zanzibar. But before the school was founded inmany people in Zanzibar worried that taarab's identity was under threat. One of the academy's star pupils is year-old Hassan Mahenge.
When he enrolled he says he was among only a handful of students willing to take up taarab's traditional instruments. I love this music. This is the music of my home and I should learn this music to keep it alive," Mahenge said.
Younger musicians are still drawn to more modern instruments rather than traditional instruments like the oud a type of lute and the qanun similar to a zitherMahenge said. In the past, older musicians on the island rarely took the time to nurture young talent, Matona said. But he's trying to make up for lost time and spends most days teaching his young students the music and stories of taarab. Matona said: "Since this academy started, I'm not afraid anymore, because now we have 25 young people studying these traditional instruments and traditional taarabs.
My aim is to teach more and to advise young musicians to study traditional music. Share this on:. Gallery: Dhow Countries Music Academy. We have 25 young people studying these traditional instruments and traditional taarabs --Mohammed Issa Matona. Most Popular.
Fine art from an iPhone? The best Instagram photos from After IVF shock, mom gives birth to two sets of identical twins. Inside North Korea: Water park, sacred birth site and some minders. What really scares terrorists.Matona has been thoroughly appreciated at the DCMA for the dedication and innovation he has brought to educating young and often disadvantaged people as well as for his integration of a diverse range of musical forms into the curriculum.
He is best known for his extraordinary virtuosity in playing oud, violin, nay, tash kota, saxophone, percussion, keyboard, ganun, guitar, cello, and clarinet. In recent years, the pipe organ has become an integral site for her experimentation, culminating in the albums Locusts and Gegenschein. All three releases celebrate her interests in found and forgotten spaces, chance choreographies, acoustic phenomena, the act of listening, and the search for alternative scorings through a combined performativity of instruments, drawings, space, time, memory, and the body.
Past solo releases include Anything Bright or Startling? San Damiano Mission is not wheelchair accessible.
There are three steps leading up to the building and we are happy to accommodate anyone who needs assistance. It is located three blocks away from the Nassau G subway stop.
Friday, January 26th, PM.In pre-colonial Tanzania, there was only one musical form, which was found among Tanzanian communities, namely ngoma traditional dances.
Every ethnic group in Tanzania had its own ngoma. The performance of ngoma differed from one ethnic group to another. The word ngoma also has different meanings among Tanzanian communities. It can mean singing, dancing, and playing a musical instrument. Ngoma, by itself, is a musical instrument and ngoma can be used to indicate a social function or an event like an initiation ceremony.
Ways of dancing and musical instruments were much affected by the physical environment. For example, in the western part of Tanzania, in Shinyanga and Mwanza, there were many large forested areas. In the southern part of Tanzania, music is associated with military steps, because of the Maii Maji war, Ngoni movement from South Africa and the imitation of colonial military drills.
A dance like mganda of the Wangoni of Songea is one such example. In the eastern part of Tanzania, the music of Wazaramo is often associated with initiation ceremonies, and in the central part of Tanzania, the Wagogo, for example, practice both music that is associated with pastoralists and with agriculture.
This means dances were performed to serve a social purpose or function. Ngoma were performed in marriages, at work, in the initiation ceremonies, or in other rituals with the aim of building social solidarity, communication, and imparting values and norms from one generation to another.
After colonialism, many musical forms emerged in Tanzania. Musical forms were based on commerce and entertainment rather than education, as it was before colonialism. Apart from ngomaother musical forms in Tanzania today are kwaya choirincluding muziki wa injilimuziki wa mwambao taarabmuziki wa dansi jazz band and the current hip hop music or bongo flava.
Looking at how artists perform ngoma today, it is evident why this traditional art form is popular in urban areas like Dar es Salaam. The drum is the main instrument in this form of music; however, a mixture of electronic guitars is very common. Their performances are based on the use of indigenous rhythms in expressing contemporary socio-political issues. Choir is a musical genre dominated by Christian believers.
Many choirs are found in churches. Choirs in churches can be categorized into two groups. The first includes the church singing bands, Kwaya Muziki wa injili. The singing of these choirs appears to be characterized by the use of Western musical instruments, such as electric guitars and keyboards, employing indigenous Tanzanian melodies.
Characteristic of these two categories of choirs is that singing is not the only feature of their gatherings. They also support each other in times of social need, study the Bible and sometimes play games.
There are also a few choirs outside the church secular choirs. Taarab is found in the coastal region and it was given a Swahili name, muziki wa mwambao. The origin of taarab can be traced back to Arab and Islamic cultures.While indigenous to East Africa, taarab is no stranger to travel. The upcoming performance at HIFA will be the first time that taarab will make its way into the interior of Africa as far south-west as Zimbabwe. Intra-African streams of music influence have had significant influence on the spreading of music traditions within Africa.
One example of this is the spread of musical bow traditions that traveled with the Ngoni migration over years ago, bringing these traditions from the South African coast to northern Malawi and southern Tanzania.
Elsewhere, the yodel-singing traditions of the short-statured people of the Congo spread southward through sections of Central Africa all the way to the Cape. Within Tanzania, Massai song traditions greatly influencing Wagogo vocal music. While these north-south musical migrations took place many years ago, there have been little similar east-west musical migrations.Swahili: Kimasomaso
This will quite possibly be the first time that the taarab and the kidumbak traditions of Zanzibar are performed this far west of the East African coastline. The 10 musicians from the Dhow Countries Music Academy will make this historic safari and will put on four performances in Harare: two major performances, a street performance in the middle of Harare and a school workshop in taarab drumming, dance and song.
With this historic tour the DCMA aims to enable people from Zimbabwe and elsewhere to learn more about music-making, music training at the Dhow Countries Music Academy and the greatness of the taarab-kidumbak traditions of Zanzibar.
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